Libya Hurricane Daniel Situation Report

October 6, 2023
Situation Report

*This report is a product of the DEEP Remote Analysis Team comprising analysts and other professionals from Data Friendly Space (DFS). DFS wants to acknowledge the significant contributions of its staff to the analytical process, as well as their roles in the publication and finalisation of this report. The DEEP Remote Analysis Team has worked to ensure the integrity and accuracy of the findings presented herein. DFS appreciates the collaborative effort in bringing forth this comprehensive report, reflecting the combined expertise of all teams involved.

Key Developments

Main facts:

Hurricane Daniel, Africa’s deadliest storm in recorded history, left 4,333 dead and 40,018 displaced, of which 40% are hosted in Derna. About 17,000 are displaced children. At least 8,540 are still unaccounted for. The numbers of casualties and displaces have not changed significantly over the last few weeks. More roads get cleared, and in most areas electricity, phone coverage and internet are partially recovered. While rescue operations are facing out, humanitarian aid is scaling up. Cumulatively over USD 32 Mil has been funneled into rescue and aid operations.

Priority needs:

Urgent needs in the order of priority are shelter (larger and more in quantity), health care (first aid/emergency care, mental health and treatment of chronic diseases) and access to safe water.
Increasingly more people are in need of food aid. As secondary needs comprise safe sanitation and increasingly more protection measures, notably for unaccompanied children, homeless, people in collective accommodation, women and girls.

Priority geographical areas:

Priority affected groups: Population displaced within Derna, especially pregnant women, boys, girls, unaccompanied minors, elderly and persons with disabilities, homeless and displaced in collective accommodation.

Sectoral needs

Shelter/NFI: The majority of communities that were assessed in Albayda, Benghazi and Derna have experienced severe to very severe building damage, with flooding occurring in almost half. Displaced people are mostly staying with relatives or in collective shelters, with the main challenges being insufficient shelter, lack of privacy and small spaces. Accessing NFIs has become more expensive as some markets have shut down. Main NFI needs are bedding, mattresses, blankets, clothing and cooking utensils.

Health: 24 hospitals and 54 PHCs in affected areas are severely impacted. 63% of public hospitals are not fully operational, and three are non-functional. Also vaccination centers have been severely impacted, with over half being partially or non-operational. The disaster poses significant risk for waterborne and vaccine-preventable disease outbreak, particularly impacting children. Mental health remains among the top concerns.

WASH: GCWW with support from aid organizations is focusing on restoring water sources and access to safe water. In Derna half of the 18 boreholes are still out of service, and the collapse of the sewage network remains a great concern. Access to drinking water and other WASH services and utilities is limited as water points are far or unaffordable, and latrines have been affected by the floods.

Protection: As 69% of participants in a rapid assessment report children out of school due to damaged infrastructure or repurposing schools as shelters, children are of particular risk of exploitation, abuse and trafficking. Also, high number of unaccompanied and separated children are of increasing concern. Women and girls face threats from unsafe infrastructure at temporary shelter. Theft risks and exploitation of affected individuals are increasingly common concerns.

Food Security and Livelihood: 99% of households in affected areas have experienced difficulties in obtaining daily food due to high prices. The floods have also damaged the agriculture lands, while sediments, debris and pollution from the flooding is likely to impact marine life and fish sector.

Report PDF