Libya Hurricane Daniel Situation Report

October 12, 2023
Situation Report

*This report is a product of the DEEP Remote Analysis Team comprising analysts and other professionals from Data Friendly Space (DFS). DFS wants to acknowledge the significant contributions of its staff to the analytical process, as well as their roles in the publication and finalisation of this report. The DEEP Remote Analysis Team has worked to ensure the integrity and accuracy of the findings presented herein. DFS appreciates the collaborative effort in bringing forth this comprehensive report, reflecting the combined expertise of all teams involved.

Key Developments

Main facts: Hurricane Daniel, Africa’s deadliest storm in recorded history, left 4,333 dead and over 8,500 missing.
More than 40,000 people remain displaced, including 17,000 children. As well, the government is relocating displaced people initially settled in education facilities in order to restore access to education.
Several schools reopened on the 1st of October. Many, mainly in Derna, have yet to restart. By the 10th of October most roads were cleared and are passable. As aid agencies are increasing their presence in the affected areas, in depth needs assessments are ongoing.

Priority needs: Urgent needs in the order of priority are shelter (larger and more in quantity), health care (first aid/emergency care, mental health, vaccines and treatment of chronic diseases) and access to safe water.
Increasingly more people are in need of support to access markets. Secondary needs comprise safe sanitation and increasingly more protection measures.

Priority geographical areas:

o Derna: Derna city alone hosts about 40% of all displaced populations (16,000), while the district hosts about 24,500 displaced individuals. 90% of the area has been affected resulting in 3,979 buildings affected and leaving. Derna's housing crisis necessitates urgent establishment of temporary shelters in nearby coastal areas, support for the displaced and access to safe water to avoid further disease outbreaks and losses of lives.

o Albayda, Almarj, and Benghazi: These regions together host about 22% of flood displaced individuals, including displaced from Derna who have left due to lack of water. While the majority of these displaced individuals have found temporary shelter options, the first priority needed in these areas is shelter. Benghazi also still needs some support for rescue operations.

o Sousa: 3,602 buildings have been affected by the floods in Sousa, leaving about 1,000 individuals displaced. Consequently Sousa ranks fourth in the reported numbers of buildings affected, after Derna, Albayda and Benghazi.

Priority affected groups: Pregnant women, unaccompanied minors, elderly, persons with disabilities, homeless and displaced in collective accommodation are the most vulnerable groups.

Sectoral needs

Shelter/NFI: The most urgent NFIs in need are bedding, mattresses, sleeping bags, blankets and clothing. Also cooking utilities and materials to clean debris and mud in the houses that do not require rehabilitation have been listed as NFI needs. Accommodation is a pressing need particularly in Derna. Other more specific needs include cash for rent or rental subsidies, doors, door frames, roofing materials and items for safety (e.g. windows, electric wiring). Also while more people want to return to homes, rehabilitation of shelter is an increasing priority.

Health: Despite significant increase in medical aid, the healthcare infrastructure has suffered substantial damage and still requires urgent deployment of emergency medical assistance. Also Medicine and treatment of chronic diseases, psychological support to affected populations but mainly to children, vaccinations and health promotion campaigns to curb the outbreak of communicable diseases are among top priorities.

WASH: The massively destructed infrastructure will need to be rehabilitated or reconstructed to stop further contamination and avoid the spread of communicable diseases. Cleaning boreholes and wastewater drainage, and rehabilitation and improvement of WASH facilities in public buildings like schools are of high priority. This support envisions strengthening the region’s water and sanitation maintenance capacities, as well as manpower. Also, proper sanitation facilities and hygiene promotion are non-negotiable to stave off the spread of waterborne diseases. Also to support access to available safe water, cost subsidies or distribution of safe water to remote areas is needed.

Protection: Mainstreaming protection, particularly child protection into humanitarian response remains one of the highest needs. Special attention is required to address the safety and well-being of vulnerable groups. SGBV and risk of exploitation of girls and women is growing that requires safe infrastructure and access to basic services.

Food Security and Livelihood: Bread, rice, flour and cooking oil, in addition to nutritional support for infants and young children, have been listed as priority needs. As market structure has been disrupted, there is increasing need for market interventions

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