Libya Hurricane Daniel Situation Report

October 17, 2023
Situation Report

*This report is a product of the DEEP Remote Analysis Team comprising analysts and other professionals from Data Friendly Space (DFS). DFS wants to acknowledge the significant contributions of its staff to the analytical process, as well as their roles in the publication and finalisation of this report. The DEEP Remote Analysis Team has worked to ensure the integrity and accuracy of the findings presented herein. DFS appreciates the collaborative effort in bringing forth this comprehensive report, reflecting the combined expertise of all teams involved.

Key Developments

Main facts:

Hurricane Daniel on the 10th of September caused a collapse of two dams in Derna city. The collapse of dams released a large amount of water leaving at least 4,345 individuals dead and 43,421 displaced. Over 8,500 people are still missing and feared dead. The damage to infrastructure was severe in 30% of the affected areas. 117 education facilities were affected while over 30 others were used as temporary shelter, and over 80% of health facilities in affected areas have been damaged. By mid October, roads have been reopened and basic services have been restored. Many schools have already or are just about to reopen, as 98 remain closed. Restoration of WASH infrastructure and health facilities is ongoing, while many locations have set up temporary field hospitals or clinics. An estimated 884,000 people remain in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of hurricane Daniel and subsequent flooding.

Priority needs:

Urgent needs in the order of priority are shelter, health care (first aid/emergency care, mental health, vaccines and treatment of chronic diseases) and access to clean water and to markets. Secondary needs comprise safe sanitation and increasingly more protection measures.

Priority geographical areas:

Priority affected groups: Vulnerable groups are families who lost breadwinners, newly widowed women, children who lost one or both parents, IDPs, refugees, migrants and people who lost assets and livelihood.

Sectoral needs

Shelter/NFI: 30,805 buildings were damaged leaving 43,000 individuals displaced. The remaining needs are cash for rent or rental subsidies, housing materials and items for safety. Also, needed are NFI items such as bedding, mattresses, sleeping bags, blankets and clothing, cooking utilities and materials to clean debris and mud in the houses that do not require rehabilitation. Rehabilitation of shelter is an increasing priority.

Health: The flooding left 85% of hospitals and 88% of PHCs only partially functional or nonfunctional. While AWD remains the main health risk as cases have nearly doubled within one week, concerns over long term impacts on mental health are increasing. Also about 24,000 of women and girls are lacking reproductive health care services. The main needs remain restoration of the functionality of PHC facilities, provision of mental health support, filling critical gaps in medicine and supplies, and health promotion campaigns.

WASH: Flood water and power distributions caused large-scale damage in WASH facilities. Access to drinking water has been restored for now, but it remains inaccessible for many. Work on restoring other WASH facilities is ongoing, while remaining needs are bottled water in Derna, cleaning boreholes and wastewater drainage, as well as hygiene promotion.

Protection: Mainstreaming protection, particularly child protection into humanitarian response remains one of the highest needs. Special attention is required to address the safety and well-being of vulnerable groups. SGBV and risk of exploitation of girls and women is growing that requires safe infrastructure and access to basic services.

Food Security and Livelihood: Bread, rice, flour and cooking oil, and nutritional support for infants and young children, have been listed as priority needs. There is increasing need for market interventions.

Report PDF