Morocco Earthquake Situation Report

September 25, 2023
Situation Report

*This report is a product of the DEEP Remote Analysis Team comprising analysts and other professionals from Data Friendly Space (DFS). DFS wants to acknowledge the significant contributions of its staff to the analytical process, as well as their roles in the publication and finalisation of this report. The DEEP Remote Analysis Team has worked to ensure the integrity and accuracy of the findings presented herein. DFS appreciates the collaborative effort in bringing forth this comprehensive report, reflecting the combined expertise of all teams involved.

Key Developments

Main facts: By 14th September 2023, the Morocco earthquake resulted in 2,946 deaths, affecting up to 450,000 individuals. Subsequent internal displacement saw Marrakesh and Taroudant's populations surge. Accessibility improved in key areas like Ighil post-earthquake, although comprehensive data on road blockages and detailed casualty numbers at the village level remain gaps in the current information.

Priority geographical areas:

- Al Haouz Province: Douar El Darb, Moulay Brahim, Saniyat Yaakoub, Tinkest of Qiyadet Weryen, Ijoukak, Amizmiz.

- Taroudant Province: Tizi Natast village.

- Marrakech-Safi Region: Taounghast village, Imlil village, Tamgounssi hamlet.

- Chichaoua Province: Adassil town, Anebdou, Targua, Tikht village.

- Azilal Province: Affected regions in rural mountainous areas.

Priority needs: Immediate attention is directed towards rescue efforts and clearing debris. Essential necessities such as water, food, and shelter are urgently needed for the victims. While healthcare, sanitation, and mental health support are widely required, there is a pressing demand for non-food items like blankets and warm clothing.

Priority affected groups: Population displaced, especially women, boys, girls, unaccompanied minors, elderly and people with disabilities.

Sectoral needs

Shelter/NFIs: The earthquake devastated Al Haouz, Taroudant, Marrakech-Safi, and Chichaoua, causing massive displacements, especially in clay-built villages. Traditional mud houses were severely damaged, leaving many homeless. Urgent aid is needed, particularly tents, blankets, and warm clothing, especially in mountainous areas like Tinmel and Ouarzazate.

Health: The earthquake severely impacted health infrastructures, especially in Al-Haouz and Marrakech, with many victims needing urgent care. Unsatisfactory burial conditions in remote villages raise disease outbreak concerns. Marrakech's outdoor treatments highlight the urgent need for logistical support, while PTSD emerges as a significant mental health issue.

WASH: The earthquake disrupted water networks, intensifying potable water shortages, especially in Al-Haouz and rural areas. The challenges are amplified with potential contamination risks. Urgent needs include clean water, sanitation facilities, hygiene kits, and infant care essentials, alongside tools like flashlights for power outages.

Protection: The earthquake has heightened vulnerabilities, particularly among children, with school closures exposing them to exploitation risks. Women, boys, girls, and unaccompanied minors face increased dangers in disrupted communal spaces. Needs include secure shelters, child protection measures, restored educational facilities, targeted strategies for vulnerable groups, and psychosocial support.

Food Security and Livelihoods: The earthquake disrupted the food supply chain, causing distribution delays, increased demand, and heightened transport costs. Particularly in places like Taounghast village, families have lost livelihoods, increasing their dependency on aid. Unequal aid distribution, especially in Ouarzazate, risks tensions. Needs include stabilizing food distribution, restoring livelihoods, ensuring balanced aid, and prioritizing cash-based interventions for flexibility.

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