Northwest Syria Earthquake Situation Report

February 17, 2023
Bi-Weekly Situation Report

*This report is a product of the DEEP Remote Analysis Team comprising analysts and other professionals from Data Friendly Space (DFS). DFS wants to acknowledge the significant contributions of its staff to the analytical process, as well as their roles in the publication and finalisation of this report. The DEEP Remote Analysis Team has worked to ensure the integrity and accuracy of the findings presented herein. DFS appreciates the collaborative effort in bringing forth this comprehensive report, reflecting the combined expertise of all teams involved.

Key Developments

Priority geographical areas: The earthquakes severely affected northwest Syria, home to about 4.5 million people.

Priority needs: shelter, food, and safety concerns are the top priorities for the majority of the affected communities. A significant number of people also reported the need for healthcare resources such as medication and first aid supplies. The high percentages of people prioritizing basic necessities, healthcare, and protection highlight the urgent need for support. Additionally, heavy machines for debris removal are needed to assist with the relief efforts.

Priority affected groups: Major damage has been reported in northern Syria, with 8.8 million people affected across the country. At least 55,000 people displaced in the northwest, could be up to 90,000 (local sources provided a much higher number of 153,893 people).

Access: 128 trucks carrying humanitarian aid entered northwest Syria since 9 February, through Bab al-Hawa and 14 through Bab al-Salam on 14 February.

Shelter/NFIs: At least 18,450 buildings are reported destroyed or damaged in northwest Syria, mostly in Harim and Afrin, leaving 11,000 families homeless. 900,000 people are in urgent need of shelter assistance across the country, with 509,000 people targeted.

Health: Already strained health facilities are overwhelmed by the number of casualties, with at least 8,382 people injured and 4,452 deaths. Casualties numbers are expected to rise significantly. At least 52 health facilities are partially damaged or have suspended their services. Limited medical, surgical and ICU beds available. High PSS needs.

WASH: Access to WASH is extremely challenging. Water trucking has been suspended in Idlib, Jarablue and Atma.

Protection: Protection is a growing issue, with a large number of unaccompanied children at risk of exploitation including by human traffickers and overcrowded shelters.

Food: Markets are generally accessible according to KIs in about 80% of communities. Increased item unavailability reported in Ariha and Janudiyeh sub-districts. Some shops are closed in Darkosh, Harim, Qourqeena, and Suran sub-districts. Lack of bread reported.

Education: Local authorities reported that at least 270 schools were damaged by the earthquakes.

Logistics: Weak internet communication and damages to the electricity grid are hampering the response. Challenges securing fuel for transportation for integrated mobile teams to implement their services including the distribution of supplies.

Report PDF