Pakistan Floods | Lessons Learned

October 6, 2022
Bi-Weekly Highlights Analysis

*This report is a product of the DEEP Remote Analysis Team comprising analysts and other professionals from Data Friendly Space (DFS). DFS wants to acknowledge the significant contributions of its staff to the analytical process, as well as their roles in the publication and finalisation of this report. The DEEP Remote Analysis Team has worked to ensure the integrity and accuracy of the findings presented herein. DFS appreciates the collaborative effort in bringing forth this comprehensive report, reflecting the combined expertise of all teams involved.

Key takeaways

Broader inclusion of local partners, returnees and women needs should be integrated in the response. Clear and transparent criteria for identifying communities for the recovery phase is crucial.

Capacity-building: Donors and major humanitarian actors need to assist the development of the capacity of the local population, local organizations and local government officials on disaster preparedness and disaster risk reduction, as well as cluster coordination, information management systems, effective resource management, compliance with humanitarian standards, and result-oriented reporting to improve their eligibility for direct funding from donors

Coordination: There is a need for agencies to share information with each other on not just current programming but also future plans and exit strategies. Greater emphasis is required on creating common cross-cluster services to improve economies of scale. Assessments by multiple agencies should ideally be conducted jointly or use a common format to permit collation of data and joint prioritization.

Efficient use of funds: Greater financial diligence in cash programs, greater use of local capacity, sticking to sectors with sufficient capacity and greater emphasis on early recovery are the priorities. Strong M&E with a results focus, and in particular monitoring that is independent and credible, can improve confidence of beneficiaries in government and of donors.

Planning: While initial quick action is important, experience suggests that in an emergency situation, such as that in Pakistan, sub-project readiness should not divert the investment focus from a well-planned priority list. It is also important for agencies to incorporate disaster risk reduction issues in all construction work that is undertaken during the recovery phase.

Preparedness: Some flood response programs have focused too heavily on rebuilding infrastructure and not enough on better adaptation and preparedness for the future in complementary investments, such as water and flood management, cropping pattern adjustment, rural finance, enhancing capacities of water users groups, and early warning systems.

Targeting assistance by poverty status may be appropriate in the absence of more detailed targeting data, especially in urban flooding context.

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