Sudan Crisis Situational Analysis

iMMAP Inc.
February 28, 2024
Situational Analysis


This report covers developments that occurred between December 2023 and January 2024. DFS and iMMAP Inc. follow a rigorous Secondary Data Review (SDR) process where all publicly available data on the humanitarian situation is consolidated into a database using an analytical framework based on the JIAF (see details on the DEEP platform in the Methodology Section). A comprehensive overview of the sources used to produce this report is provided in the Information sources section.

Executive Summary

The conflict in Sudan has left around 25 million people currently in need of humanitarian assistance. According to OCHA, over 6.2 million people have been displaced internally, while 1.8 million crossed the border since April 15, 2023. Far from signs of de-escalation, the conflict has now expanded to areas once considered safe. Following the capture of Wad Madani in December, the RSF currently controls areas in both western and central regions of the country, in addition to four out of five Darfuri states.

Increasing prices of food and fuel are worsening humanitarian needs, while a shrinking economy is causing widespread poverty. On top of this, delivering aid continues to be exceedingly difficult due to the enduring conflict, ongoing insecurity, theft of humanitarian commodities, assaults on humanitarian workers and frontline responders, fuel shortages, and bureaucratic hindrances. Many humanitarian organizations are utilizing crossborder response to provide assistance in Sudan.

Against the backdrop of significantly reduced funding in 2023, the humanitarian sector was able to provide assistance to 5 million people, achieving 27%of the set target for the year. In 2024, the UN is seeking $4.1 billion to support the Sudanese in Sudan ($2.7 billion) and Sudanese refugees and host communities in neighboring countries ($1.4 billion) (Reuters 08/02/2024; OCHA 12/02/2024). In 2023, the response within Sudan was 43% funded, and the response for neighboring countries was 38% funded (OCHA 12/02/2024).

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