Türkiye Earthquake | Bi-Weekly Situation Report

March 10, 2023
Bi-Weekly Situation Report

*This report is a product of the DEEP Remote Analysis Team comprising analysts and other professionals from Data Friendly Space (DFS). DFS wants to acknowledge the significant contributions of its staff to the analytical process, as well as their roles in the publication and finalisation of this report. The DEEP Remote Analysis Team has worked to ensure the integrity and accuracy of the findings presented herein. DFS appreciates the collaborative effort in bringing forth this comprehensive report, reflecting the combined expertise of all teams involved.

Key Developments

The estimated number of people who have been displaced within and outside of the affected provinces due to the disaster differs. IOM estimates 2.7 million people are displaced country–wide. Based on the sum of estimates according to government data and public press conferences, estimates could be as high as 3.8 to 5.2 million. It is expected that the number of displaced people will change as more data becomes available.

Shelter/NFIs: On 7 March, the Minister of Environment stated 232,000 buildings were destroyed. On 6 March, president Erdogan stated that an estimated 1.6 million people are in tents and approximately 53,000 people in containers. As of 10 March, IOM had assessed 1,474 displacement sites across the 11 provinces, and had identified over 689,800 people located in makeshift settlements. In 10% of sites, key informants indicated there was no functioning electricity. Also in 10% of sites, key informants indicated there were no functioning heaters.

WASH: While detailed information from the site assessment is not yet available, datapoints show that latrine to people ratios are well below SPHERE standards, or latrines are not available at all. Out of the 1,474 displacement sites assessed by IOM 36% lacked showers; of sites where showers were available, 55% were not modified for people with disabilities. There is unsafe access to facilities for women, children and persons with disabilities. High needs of hygiene and dignity kits have been reported, though 41% of key informants in sites indicated these were not available. Drinking water was insufficient in 25% of sites.

Health: Lack of WASH facilities increasing risk of waterborne disease and other outbreaks.
High PSS needs continue to be reported. In 1,474 assessed displacement sites across the 11 provinces, key informants in 15% of sites indicated that there was no health facility nearby. A further 23% noted that basic medicine was unavailable.

Food: Ready to eat foods and hot meals continue to be needed. Out of 1,474 assessed displacement sites across the 11 provinces, key informants in 51% of sites indicated that people purchase their own food. In other sites distributions are available on or off site, though different reports have indicated that queues might be long and food is not always sufficient. In 20% of sites key informants reported insufficient availability of baby foods.

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