Türkiye Earthquake | Bi-Weekly Situation Report

February 21, 2023
Bi-Weekly Situation Report

*This report is a product of the DEEP Remote Analysis Team comprising analysts and other professionals from Data Friendly Space (DFS). DFS wants to acknowledge the significant contributions of its staff to the analytical process, as well as their roles in the publication and finalisation of this report. The DEEP Remote Analysis Team has worked to ensure the integrity and accuracy of the findings presented herein. DFS appreciates the collaborative effort in bringing forth this comprehensive report, reflecting the combined expertise of all teams involved.

Key Developments

Following the 6–7 February earthquakes, a new 6.4 magnitude earthquake hit Defne,Hatay on 20 February, killing six people and injuring 294. Displacement figures since the earthquakes are unavailable, but are estimated at 1.3 - 1.6 million. Displacement to other provinces is likely to increase due to continued aftershocks and fear of new earthquakes.

Priority geographical areas: Adiyaman, Hatay, Kahramanmaras, Gaziantep and Malatya are reportedly hardest hit. In total, 11 provinces have been affected including Adana, Diyarbakir, Sanliurfa, Kilis, Osmaniye, and Elazig where about 13.5 million people are residing.

Short-term priority needs: Shelter, heating, NFIs, WASH, food items and health including PSS are the short-term priority needs.

Priority affected groups: At least 1.3 - 1.6 million people are displaced or in emergency shelters. Accurate figures about displacement, location and shelter type remains a significant information gap.

Shelter/NFIs: Official figures stand at 105,800 buildings heavily damaged as of 19 February, with over 384,500 apartments. Two weeks after the earthquake, many people remain in makeshift shelters where public services are not accessible.

Health: As of 20 February, 108,300 injured people and 41,168 deaths were reported from all earthquakes. Increased cases of diarrhea reported. High PSS needs. Around 15 hospitals in the 10 provinces have been damaged.

WASH: Drinking water infrastructure has been restored; yet running water not available in all emergency shelters and makeshift settlements. Lack of access to toilets or sanitation facilities leading to open defecation and increased risk of waterborne disease. High needs of hygiene and dignity kits.

Food: Ready to eat foods and hot meals continue to be needed. Shortage of baby formula reported. Provinces affected produce 20.9% of the country's crop production.

Logistics: New damages reported around highways in Antakya following 20 February quake. Heaters and fuel sources, including coal and wood are needed to supply sufficient heating.

Protection: Protection is a growing issue, with large numbers of unidentified and separated children and unsafe and overcrowded shelters increasing risk of gender-based violence

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