Türkiye Earthquake | Bi-Weekly Situation Report

March 3, 2023
Bi-Weekly Situation Report

*This report is a product of the DEEP Remote Analysis Team comprising analysts and other professionals from Data Friendly Space (DFS). DFS wants to acknowledge the significant contributions of its staff to the analytical process, as well as their roles in the publication and finalisation of this report. The DEEP Remote Analysis Team has worked to ensure the integrity and accuracy of the findings presented herein. DFS appreciates the collaborative effort in bringing forth this comprehensive report, reflecting the combined expertise of all teams involved.

Key Developments

Aftershocks continue and there are more than 11,000 recorded, the latest large aftershock (magnitude 5.2) was recorded in Malatya on 27 February. The estimated number of people who have been displaced due to the disaster ranges from 2.7 million (according to the International Organization for Migration) to 3.2 million (based on the highest sum of estimates from government data), including those within and outside the affected provinces. AFAD data reports that the number of displaced individuals within the affected provinces is between 1.6 and 1.9 million, based on data provided and public press conferences, not including those in makeshift settlements. It is expected that the number of displaced people will change as more data becomes available.

Shelter/NFIs: Government figures stand at 191,800 buildings heavily damaged as of 27 February. An estimated 1.4 – 1.6 million people are in tents, approximately 34,000 people in containers, and 465,000 people in public buildings such as dormitories according to government data. An unknown number of people are in makeshift settlements. IOM has assessed 259 displacement sites across the 11 provinces. In 21% of sites, key informants indicated there was no functioning electricity. In 19% of sites, key informants indicated there were no functioning heaters.

WASH: While detailed information from the site assessment is not yet available, yet datapoints show that latrine to people ratios are well below SPHERE standards, or latrines are not available at all. Out of the 259 displacement sites assessed by IOM, 50% lacked showers; of sites where showers were available, 64% were not modified for people with disabilities. There is unsafe access to facilities for women, children and persons with disabilities. High needs of hygiene and dignity kits have been reported, though 40% of key informants in sites indicated these were not available.

Health: Lack of WASH facilities increasing risk of waterborne disease and other outbreaks. High PSS needs continue to be reported. In 259 assessed displacement sites across the 11 provinces, key informants in 25% of sites indicated that there was no health facility nearby. A further 33% noted that basic medicine was unavailable.

Food: Ready to eat foods and hot meals continue to be needed. Out of 259 assessed displacement sites across the 11 provinces, key informants in 34% of sites indicated that people purchase their own food. In other sites distributions are available on or off site, though different reports have indicated that queues might be long and food is not always sufficient. In 32% of sites key informants reported insufficient availability of baby foods.

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